Vaccines in the elderly are important
There are generally several vaccines in the elderly that should be administered. Therefore, patients should always consult and seek advice that should be known from a doctor first. To prepare before vaccination and increase the safety of the body especially those with congenital disease or any other health history Here are some examples of vaccines that seniors should receive:
Influenza is a seasonal viral infection that causes moderate to severe symptoms within days of exposure, such as stuffy nose, runny nose, cough, sore throat, fever, body aches, fatigue, shaking, headache, or chest discomfort. Unlike the common cold, which manifests itself slowly, elderly patients may be at risk of worsening symptoms and developing serious complications such as bronchitis and pneumonia. and can be life threatening. If not treated promptly
Therefore, annual flu vaccination for the elderly, once a year, is a very necessary way to prevent influenza continually. In addition to helping to relieve symptoms from various flu strains, it also helps reduce the spread of infection to others.
Streptococcus pneumonia infection (Streptococcus Pneumoniae) is one of the causes of infections in the elderly, such as pneumonia, meningitis. and bloodstream infections This can be severe to the point of brain damage or death, especially the elderly who are at higher risk than other age groups.
Currently, there are two types of vaccine against this disease: pneumococcal 13 strain (PCV13) and 23 strain (PPSV23) vaccine, which is up to the doctor’s discretion. Before starting the first injection with PVC13 type, after 1 year, then inject the next injection with PPSV23 type, etc. However, if there is a severe illness such as high fever or heat, should wait for recovery before receiving the injection. Vaccine because it may adversely affect the body
Patients may have symptoms such as burning pain or numbness in the skin. Touch and feel pain After a few days, a red rash appears in the painful area. and a blister that may burst and scab.
The disease is often found in patients who have had chickenpox in the past. Especially those aged 50 years and over with health problems. or is in the process of treating certain diseases . The shingles vaccination is considered safe for the body. The doctor may consider a single-dose vaccine. Or you can choose another type that will inject all 2 needles.
Tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis are the most prevalent bacterial infections among the elderly today. Each disease affects the body and can be fatal. Each disease is detailed as follows.
- Tetanus develops when germs enter a wound on the body. Then to destroy the nervous system and brain until the symptoms of spasticity or stiff jaws
- Diphtheria will affect breathing. People with severe symptoms may be at risk for heart problems or brain damage.
- Whooping cough is a respiratory infection. This can result in severe breathing and coughing problems.
In addition to the vaccines mentioned above Older adults with certain health problems, such as insomnia, diabetes, heart disease, HIV infection, liver disease, or a weakened immune system may need additional vaccinations. The patient can consult a doctor. to plan the proper vaccination directly
Vaccination in the elderly can cause mild side effects such as pain at the injection site or a low-grade fever, but this usually resolves on its own within a few days.
Wear a mask when going out. or avoid crowded places That alone may help reduce the risk of infection. far away from illness.